Cascode Amplifier Calculator
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This calculator computes bias voltage and current
levels, as well as gain and frequency response for the Cascode
The cascode amplifier has high gain and high band
width. It overcomes the Miller capacitance limitations of the common
emitter amplifier by using a second transistor as common- base current
buffer. As a result it can achieve gain bandwidths orders of
magnitude larger than the common emitter amplifiers. The only cost
is that a second transistor is needed, and a higher voltage supply is
needed so that the transistors have decent operating margins.
For the this cascode gain is set by the ratio of
RC/RE2. To increase bandwidth maximize the sum of RE1 and
It should be noted, that in the real world, for
frequencies above 2MHz, a second emitter follower buffer stage is needed
to prevent loading of the output stage, and reduced frequency
response. The capacitance from even a 1MHz scope probe will roll the
frequency of this amplifier off at 2 MHz. To measure frequency
response on a scope, measure on the output of the cascode through a
VC2= VP - IC*RC
RB1= R3*(R1+R2)/ (R1+R2+R3)
IB*RB1 + IB*Beta*RE+VBE
gm = Ic/25mA
If RE2 is zero ohms:
A= -gm*((RL||RC)*(R2||R3))/(R23+RS) *
( rπ/( rπ+Rx+(R2||R3||RS)),
Rx is typically10-30 ohms, we use 20 in the calculator.
The lower pole is dominate:
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